An illness known as acute arterial insufficiency causes the tissues to experience an inadequate supply of oxygen and nutrients (ischemia) as a result of inadequate arterial blood flow.
Atherosclerosis, a disorder in which the arteries get clogged by cholesterol plaques, is the main cause of acute arterial insufficiency. Due to the turbulence these plaques generate, there is inadequate blood flow to the afflicted blood arteries, which may also raise the risk of blood clots (thrombus) forming.
Blood clot development can result in two outcomes. First off, it may completely obstruct that artery’s blood flow. Second, a blood clot fragment (embolus or emboli) can separate and block a smaller artery, causing obstruction. One instance of acute arterial insufficiency brought on by an embolus is a myocardial infarction (heart attack). Peripheral arterial occlusive disease, a condition caused by acute arterial insufficiency, can also affect the tiny arteries in the limbs (PAOD).
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