Medication infusion refers to the administration of medications directly into a person’s bloodstream through intravenous (IV) infusion. This method involves delivering medication in liquid form directly into a vein, allowing for rapid and efficient absorption into the bloodstream.
Medication infusion is commonly used for various purposes, including:
Intravenous Fluids: Infusion of intravenous fluids, such as saline or electrolyte solutions, is often done to restore hydration, maintain fluid balance, or deliver nutrients to individuals who are unable to take fluids orally.
Pain Management: Medications like opioids or other analgesics can be administered through infusion for effective pain relief, especially in cases where oral or other routes of administration are not sufficient.
Chemotherapy: Many cancer treatments involve the infusion of chemotherapy drugs directly into the bloodstream. This allows the medication to circulate throughout the body, targeting and killing cancer cells.
Immunoglobulin Therapy: Immunoglobulin (IVIG) infusions are given to individuals with immune deficiencies or autoimmune disorders to supplement their immune system and improve immune function.
Biologic Therapies: Some medications used to treat conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, or psoriasis are administered through infusion to provide targeted therapy.
Here are a few common symptoms that some people may experience during or after infusion:
Localized reactions: It’s possible to experience pain, redness, or swelling at the site where the IV catheter is inserted. This can be a normal reaction to the IV placement.
Allergic reactions: In some cases, people may develop allergic reactions to antibiotics. Symptoms can range from mild to severe and may include itching, rash, hives, swelling of the face or throat, difficulty breathing, or even anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction. If you experience any signs of an allergic reaction, notify your healthcare provider immediately.
Nausea and vomiting: Certain antibiotics, especially when given at high doses or rapidly, can cause gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. Your healthcare provider may adjust the infusion rate or provide additional medications to help manage these symptoms.
Changes in blood counts: Some antibiotics can affect the production of blood cells in the bone marrow, leading to changes in blood counts. This can result in a decrease in white blood cells, red blood cells, or platelets.
Kidney or liver problems: Certain antibiotics, particularly those metabolized by the kidneys or liver, can occasionally cause kidney or liver toxicity. Your healthcare provider will monitor your kidney and liver function during treatment.
The infusion process involves a healthcare professional inserting a small plastic tube, called a catheter, into a vein, typically in the arm. The antibiotics, prepared as a liquid solution, are then delivered slowly into the bloodstream over a specific period, which can range from a few minutes to several hours, depending on the medication and the severity of the infection.
The choice of infusion will depend on various factors, including the type of infection, the causative bacteria, the person’s age, overall health
It is crucial to follow the prescribed treatment plan, completing the full course of antibiotics as directed by the healthcare provider, even if symptoms improve or disappear.
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