Osteomyelitis is a serious infection of the bone. It can occur in any bone in the body, but is most common in the long bones of the arms and legs. The infection can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, and can spread through the bloodstream or directly to the bone. Symptoms of osteomyelitis include pain, swelling, redness, and warmth at the site of infection; fever; and fatigue. If left untreated, osteomyelitis can lead to permanent damage to the bone and surrounding tissue.
Chronic refractory osteomyelitis is a type of osteomyelitis that is difficult to treat. The infection may come back even after aggressive treatment with antibiotics and surgery. Chronic refractory osteomyelitis is a serious condition that can cause lasting damage to the bone and surrounding tissue. Symptoms of chronic refractory osteomyelitis include pain, swelling, redness, and warmth at the site of infection; fever; and fatigue. If you have chronic refractory osteomyelitis, it is important to see a doctor for treatment as soon as possible.
Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bones that can be caused by one or more of these circumstances:
Diabetic ulcer(s) on the foot
Deep skin punctures
The movement of staphylococcus bacteria in the bloodstream (for instance, untreated urinary tract infections)
The complications that can result from routine surgery
In strong immune systems, bone infections usually disappear with medications or surgery and treatment. In patients who suffer from weak circulation and immune systems, like those with diabetes, wounds don’t heal appropriately. If they are not treated, new diabetic ulcers on the foot and elsewhere could cause re-infection of the bone, causing more pain and possibly causing the death of the infection.
The next step in treating chronic osteomyelitis with a refractory nature is to visit a specialist in wound care. They will aid in treating diabetic ulcers in the foot and offer therapy for osteomyelitis by using hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
There are two main types of osteomyelitis: acute and chronic. Acute osteomyelitis develops quickly, often as a result of an infection that spreads through the bloodstream. Chronic osteomyelitis, on the other hand, is a more slowly developing form of the disease that can be difficult to treat. Both types of osteomyelitis can be painful and debilitating, and treatment typically involves a combination of antibiotics and surgery.
For acute osteomyelitis, antibiotics are typically the first line of treatment. If the infection is severe, hospitalization may be necessary so that IV antibiotics can be administered. Surgery may also be required to clean out the infected bone and any surrounding tissue. In some cases, a metal rod may be inserted to stabilize the bone.
Chronic osteomyelitis is more difficult to treat due to the persistent nature of the infection. Antibiotics may be prescribed for long periods of time, and surgery may be needed to remove infected bone or tissue. In some cases, a skin graft may be necessary to cover any exposed bone. Despite aggressive treatment, chronic osteomyelitis can often recur.
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