A serious, quickly spreading bacterial infection that can be fatal is necrotizing fasciitis. The term “necrotizing” describes an action that results in the death of another. Fascia is the subcutaneous (under the skin) tissue that surrounds muscles and nerves and holds everything, including fat and blood vessels, in place. The term “fasciitis” refers to inflammation of the fascia.
A type of necrotizing soft tissue infection is called necrotizing fasciitis (NSTI). Any NSTI, including necrotizing fasciitis, is referred to by some as the “flesh-eating illness.” Necrotizing myositis and necrotizing cellulitis are further NSTIs.
Necrotizing fasciitis comes in two different forms: polymicrobial (also known as Type I) and monomicrobial (also called Type II).
An infection called polymicrobial necrotizing fasciitis is typically brought on by a combination of anaerobic and aerobic bacteria. Group A Streptococcus or Staphylococcus aureus are typically the culprits behind monomicrobial necrotizing fasciitis.
There are some persons who are more susceptible to getting necrotizing fasciitis. Cuts in their skin or mucous membranes, especially those caused by surgical treatments, are present in these individuals.
issues with your vascular system or immunological system.